[33] These members reconvened at Kevin Barry Hall in Parnell Square, where they appointed a Caretaker Executive with Ruairí Ó Brádaigh as chairman. This undermined confidence among unionists about the sincerity of republicans towards reaching agreement. Paul Donnelly, TD, Sinn Féin Spokesperson on Rural and Community Development. Sinn Féin’s budget priorities focus on how we rebuild our economy and our public services after this crisis while supporting families, workers and small businesses to get through this difficult period. In the 2014 election, Martina Anderson topped the poll in Northern Ireland, as did Lynn Boylan in Dublin. This development followed a decision on the part of members of Sinn Féin to refrain from participating in debates since the Assembly's recall the previous May. [Irish Gaelic sinn féin : sinn… Sinn Féin Must Clarify What They Mean by Women’s Rights – McCloskey Dr Anne McCloskey, Aontú candidate for Ballyarnett has called on Sinn Féin to clarify what they mean by ‘rights for women’ in the context of Mary Lou McDonald’s recent statement on new talks to reestablish the institutions in the north. [27] Fianna Fáil came to power at the 1932 general election (to begin what would be an unbroken 16-year spell in government) and went on to long dominate politics in the independent Irish state. Sir Warren Fisher was sent by the UK government in 1920 to report on the Dublin Castle administration; in his highly critical report, he stated:[21], CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021 (, "Arthur Griffith and the development of Sinn Féin", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sinn_Féin_(slogan)&oldid=999594657, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 00:13. The new Labour government of Tony Blair was not reliant on unionist votes and re-admitted Sinn Féin, leading to another, permanent, ceasefire. Ruth Dudley Edwards and Bridget Hourican. Should the “alternative vote” system be used instead? [15] The party contested the 1908 North Leitrim by-election, where it secured 27% of the vote. Ireland in tax spotlight again as EU Parliament calls out Fine Gael’s policies. [137] Gerry Adams won the Belfast West constituency, and Danny Morrison fell only 78 votes short of victory in Mid Ulster. An attempt in the 1940s to access funds that had been put in the care of the High Court led to the Sinn Féin Funds case, which the party lost and in which the judge ruled that it was not the legal successor to the Sinn Féin of 1917. It suspended Sinn Féin from the talks, and began to insist that the IRA decommission all of their weapons before Sinn Féin be re-admitted to the talks; this led to the IRA calling off its ceasefire. At the weekend, Sinn Féin recorded its highest ever Red C opinion poll result having attained 30pc first preference support. [104] The party aims to eradicate poverty. Politicians from the Republic, along with the Irish media, strongly attacked McLaughlin's comments. The Irish Republican Army wages an armed campaign... Sinn Féin maintains the propaganda war and is the public and political voice of the movement". [107] Categorised as "populist socialist" in literature,[108] in 2014 leading party strategist and ideologue Eoin Ó Broin described Sinn Féin's entire political project as unashamedly populist. In the 2020 Irish general election, Sinn Féin received greatest number of first preference votes nationally, making it the best result for any incarnation of Sinn Féin since the 1922 election. Seán Crowe, who had topped the poll in Dublin South-West fell to fifth place, with his first preference vote reduced from 20.28% to 12.16%. [38] The opposing, anti-abstentionist party became known as "Official Sinn Féin". These successes convinced republicans that they should contest every election. It opposes an EU constitution because it would reduce the sovereignty of the member-states. Sinn Féin members have been referred to colloquially as "Shinners", a term intended as a pejorative. [11] The name is an assertion of Irish national sovereignty and self-determination; i.e., the Irish people governing themselves, rather than being part of a political union with Great Britain under the Westminster Parliament. As the "Officials" dropped all mention of Sinn Féin from their name in 1982–instead calling themselves the Workers' Party of Ireland–the term "Provisional Sinn Féin" has fallen out of use, and the party is now known simply as "Sinn Féin". [19][20] In the revolutionary period the future national flag and national anthem were dubbed the "Sinn Féin flag" and "Sinn Féin anthem" not only by unionists but also by IPP supporters, who favoured the green flag with gold harp and "God Save Ireland". [105][106] In the 2018 Irish abortion referendum, the party campaigned for a 'Yes' vote, but remained opposed to abortions up to 12 weeks. Learn more. [138][139][140] Sinn Féin succeeded in winning 59 seats in the 1985 local government elections, after it had predicted winning only 40 seats. Sinn Féin (/ˌʃɪn‖ˈfeɪn/) ("ourselves" or "we ourselves") and Sinn Féin Amháin ("ourselves only / ourselves alone / solely us") are Irish-language phrases used as a political slogan by Irish nationalists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Sinn Fein [ (shin fayn ) ] An Irish political party (in Gaelic it means “Ourselves Alone”) that has long combatted Great Britain 's influence in Ireland and sought the unification of Northern Ireland with the Irish republic in the south; generally considered the political portion of the Irish Republican Army . In the aftermath of the row over the robbery, a further controversy erupted when, on RTÉ's Questions and Answers programme, the chairman of Sinn Féin, Mitchel McLaughlin, insisted that the IRA's controversial killing of a mother of ten young children, Jean McConville, in the early 1970s though "wrong", was not a crime, as it had taken place in the context of the political conflict. The party supported the Irish Republican Army during the War of Independence, and members of the Dáil government negotiated the Anglo-Irish Treaty with the British government in 1921. Its earliest use was to describe individual political radicals unconnected with any party and espousing a more "advanced nationalism" than the Irish Home Rule movement represented by the Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP). [174] However, three of Sinn Féin's seven representatives on Dublin City Council resigned within six months of the June 2009 elections, one of them defecting to the Labour Party. In the 1997 UK general election, Adams regained Belfast West. In that assembly it is the largest Irish nationalist party, and it holds four ministerial posts in the power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive as of 2020[update]. [70] Others who opposed this development left to found the Republican Network for Unity. Pro-Treaty Dáil deputies and other Treaty supporters formed a new party, Cumann na nGaedheal, on 27 April 1923 at a meeting in Dublin, where delegates agreed on a constitution and political programme. In the 1918 general election, Sinn Féin won 73 of Ireland's 105 seats, and in January 1919, its MPs assembled in Dublin and proclaimed themselves Dáil Éireann, the parliament of Ireland. [citation needed], The Ard Chomhairle also oversees the operation of various departments of Sinn Féin, viz Administration, Finance, National Organiser, Campaigns, Sinn Féin Republican Youth, Women's Forum, Culture, Publicity and International Affairs. [88] The IMC recommended further financial sanctions against Sinn Féin members of the Northern Ireland Assembly. Sinn Fein (shĭn fān′, fĕ′ĭn) n. An Irish political and cultural society founded about 1905 to promote political and economic independence from England, unification of Ireland, and a renewal of Irish culture. Sinn Féin came top in the popular vote, with 24.5% but due to the single transferable vote system it will have only the second highest number of MPs, at 37 out of 160 seats. [87] Sinn Féin has argued that the IMC is not independent, and that the inclusion of former Alliance Party leader John Alderdice and a British security head was proof of this. [3] Among Irish speakers, "Sinn féin! [156], The party had five TDs elected in the 2002 Irish general election, an increase of four from the previous election. [80] Robert White states at that time Sinn Fein was the junior partner in the relationship with the IRA, and they were separate organisations despite there being some overlapping membership. [4] Similarly, Tom Kettle wrote in 1908: '"Sinn Fein" ... is the Irish for "Ourselves." [48] Over the next few years, Adams and those aligned with him would extend their influence throughout the republican movement and slowly marginalise Ó Brádaigh, part of a general trend of power in both Sinn Féin and the IRA shifting north. On 11 January, the proposal to end abstentionism and take seats, if elected, in the Dáil, the Parliament of Northern Ireland and the Parliament of the United Kingdom was put before the members at the party's Ard Fheis. As the main opposition party in the Dáil, with a quarter of first preference votes at the last General Election, Sinn Féin is in a strong position to support, promote and further the priorities and needs of community-based endeavour in 2021 and beyond. [45] Sinn Féin was given a concrete presence in the community when the IRA declared a ceasefire in 1975. Ben Novick says the less accurate translation was adopted "as it more clearly summed up the philosophy behind the movement". [40], Because the "Provisionals" were committed to military rather than political action, Sinn Féin's initial membership was largely confined, in Danny Morrison's words, to men "over military age or women". Ireland Since 1939, Henry Patterson, Penguin 2006, p. 180. Donaldson told reporters that the British security agencies who employed him were behind the collapse of the Assembly and set up Sinn Féin to take the blame for it, a claim disputed by the British government. Sinn Féin TD apologises for tweets, stressing ‘homophobia is abhorrent’ “’Yippee’ meant I celebrate the fact we got so far in terms of the rights for gay people. was also an exhortation to quell a brimming feud, i.e. It subsequently became a focus for various forms of Irish nationalism, especially Irish republicanism. "'[11], The glossary at the end of the volume renders sinn féin as "we ourselves". [29] Through the 1960s, some leading figures in the movement, such as Cathal Goulding, Seán Garland, Billy McMillen, Tomás Mac Giolla, moved steadily to the left, even to Marxism, as a result of their own reading and thinking and contacts with the Irish and international left. Although Griffith himself did not take part in the Easter Rising of 1916, many Sinn Féin members did, as they were also members of both the Volunteers and the Irish Republican Brotherhood. Ó Brádaigh and about twenty other delegates walked out, and met in a Dublin hotel with hundreds of supporters to re-organise as Republican Sinn Féin. The party achieved unexpected success in the early counting, with 27 candidates being elected on the first count. In the 2010 general election, the party retained its five seats,[149] and for the first time topped the poll at a Westminster election in Northern Ireland, winning 25.5% of the vote. [64], When Sinn Féin and the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) became the largest parties, by the terms of the Good Friday Agreement no deal could be made without the support of both parties. The Executive attempted to circumvent this by introducing a motion in support of IRA policy, at which point the dissenting delegates walked out of the meeting. [69] He polled 1.8% of the vote. Sinn Féin are pro-immigration on the basis of filling up vacancies in employment, if the system can properly integrate them and resource it, the party also believes in faster application processing times for refugees. Conservatives and unionists put down amendments to have the Sinn Féin MPs evicted from their offices at the House of Commons but these were defeated. Losses in Dublin and urban areas were balanced by gains in areas such as Limerick, Wicklow, Cork, Tipperary and Kilkenny and the border counties . The Irish government alleged that senior members of Sinn Féin have held posts on the IRA Army Council. Sinn Fein meaning: 1. an Irish political party that wants Northern Ireland to become part of the Republic of Ireland…. If it does not, EU disintegration becomes a real possibility. Sinn Féin spokesperson on Education, Donnchadh Ó Laoghaire TD, has called for alternatives to be put in place for this year's Leaving Cert students. The party does state that in cases of incest, rape, sexual abuse, "fatal foetal abnormalities", or when a woman's life and health are at risk or in danger, the final decision must rest with the woman. At the 1983 Ard Fheis the constitution was amended to remove the ban on the discussion of abstentionism to allow Sinn Féin to run a candidate in the forthcoming European elections. [166] In the 2016 election it made further gains, finishing with 23 seats and overtaking the Labour Party as the third-largest party in the Dáil. The Greens also surged, and are on 12 seats, with Labour, the Social democrats … Although the party tried to form a coalition with the Labour Party and Social Democrats, a deal could not be agreed before Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael and the Green Party formed a coalition of their own in June 2020. Sinn Féin is a democratic socialist and left-wing party. Sinn féin!" It is an eight-member body nominated by the Sinn Féin Ard Chomhairle (National Executive) and also includes the chairperson of each cúige. The original Sinn Féin organisation was founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith, but has split substantially on a number of occasions since then, notably giving rise to the two traditionally dominant parties of southern Irish politics—Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael—in the aftermath of the Irish Civil War. [2] However, the Sinn Féin party had no role in the Volunteers or the Rising, although many members had participated. [18] After the Rising, republicans came together under the banner of Sinn Féin, and at the 1917 Ard Fheis the party committed itself for the first time to the establishment of an Irish Republic. The relevant parties to these talks were given a deadline of 24 November 2006 to decide upon whether or not they would ultimately form the executive.[66]. )[22] Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin members continued to boycott the Dáil. [100], In March 2005, Mitchell Reiss, the United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland, condemned the party's links to the IRA, saying "it is hard to understand how a European country in the year 2005 can have a private army associated with a political party". Riada was elected in the aftermath of the following year Ó Brádaigh stepped down as president, and (! 2019 election, Carthy was re-elected, but Boylan and Ní Riada lost their seats nationalist! ' were set up to communicate potential confrontations to the new coalition ceasefire August! First Sinn Féin made a breakthrough in the Dublin constituency in 2004 increased its number of councillors 7... When the motion was passed with a two-thirds majority IRA Army Council Development left to the! The Provisional IRA declared a ceasefire in August 1994 's resignation meant also the loss of support... Branches ) were established in Belfast North and Fermanagh and South Tyrone and Northern Ireland and... 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