You could also do it yourself at any point in time. During 1915, the NUR's journal, the Railway Review, ran a short series of cartoons commenting on the novelty of women as railway workers (with the snappy title 'When women do the work of men owing to the war'). Subsequent negotiations resulted in the standardisation of wages across the railway companies and the introduction of a maximum eight hour day. Marchbank claimed that the reports were inaccurate, denied slander and, over the course of five days, used his defence to publicly give detailed examples of Blackshirt brutality. The Modern Records Centre holds the main archives of the NUR. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? University Library Golden Jubilee Souvenir 1913-1963'. In March 1919 the government announced its plans to standardise and reduce the wartime rates of pay and, after failed negotiations with the unions, the second national rail strike began at midnight on 26-27 September 1919. Trade Union Handbook: A Guide and Directory to the Structure, Membership, Policy and Personnel of the British Trade Unions. Please let us know if you agree to functional, advertising and performance cookies. On 4 November 1957, Jim Campbell and Tom Hollywood, the General Secretary and President of the National Union of Railwaymen, were killed in a road accident in Stalingrad, whilst on a goodwill mission to the Soviet Union. Over the course of the 1980s, the majority of the nationalised industries and services were privatised, including key areas of the transport industry such as bus and coach services, the National Freight Corporation, Sealink ferries and British Railway workshops. "Transport" in Chris Wrigley, ed. In 1990, it joined with the National Union of Seamen to form the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT), and … In 1961 the technical director of ICI, Dr Richard Beeching, was appointed by the government as Chairman of the first British Railways Board, the successor to the British Transport Commission. Its membership fell to 369,400 in 1956 and 227,800 in 1966. The national rail network, however, remained in public hands until 1994, when the 1993 Railway Act, passed by the government of John Major, came into effect. Coronavirus (Covid-19): Latest updates and information, The National Union of Railwaymen, 1913-2013, Tales of the Unexpected in the Railway Review, General Secretaries of the National Union of Railwaymen, 1913-1990, illustrated list of all the NUR General Secretaries, selection of more unusual stories from the early years of the, information about the limited membership records held at the MRC, the establishment of the NUR meant the accomplishment of something more than the unification of the unions; it put a stop to that slow growth which had hitherto characterised railway trade union development. The victory of the Conservative Party, under Margaret Thatcher, in the 1979 general election marked a major change in British politics. National Union of Railwaymen This page summarises records created by this Organisation The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection. The booklet contains several short but very informative articles, some of them accompanied by photographs. As part of the NUR's 'Campaign Against Fascism', the Head Office sent examples of anti-fascist Labour Party literature to branches in 1934. The document on the left is a printed appeal to NUR members issued by J.H. In 1990 the NUR merged with the National Union of Seamen to form the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT) and ceased to exist as a separate union. Criticism of the National Government is included in the Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen's Political notes for union speakers in the general election and the Trades Union Congress and Labour Party's manifesto on the financial crisis, both produced in 1931. While the dockworkers are casual workers who can be reallocated elsewhere, the railwaymen are permanent employers and members of the separate National Union of Railwaymen. The National Union of Railwaymen (NUR) was formed in 1913 by the amalgamation of the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, the General Railway Workers' Union and the United Pointsmen's and Signalmen's Society. Held innumerable voluntary posts, including especially:- First Labour member of the Witham Urban District Council (1920), and then: First Labour Chairman of the Council (1933-1935). 1. Note slight variation in smoke, train and rail track to other N.U.R. [3] The NUR formed Federation agreements with ASLEF in 1903[4] and 1982 but both were short-lived. National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers, National Union of Rail Workers of Australia, Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen, History of trade unions in the United Kingdom, General Secretaries of the National Union of Railwaymen, 1913-1990, Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick. NUR membership was open to drivers and firemen but most chose instead to be members of the Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen (founded 1880). The National Union of Railwaymen was a trade union of railway workers in the United Kingdom. Until the N.U.R. The NUR had 408,900 members in 1945, making it the fifth largest union in Britain. was a member of either the National Union of Railwaymen, the National Union of Seamen or the Offshore Industry Liaison Committee, shall constitute an equivalent period of membership of the Union in respect of any benefits, entitlements or elections governed by these Rules. It hails the "great labour triumph" over "the most despotic Government this country has ever seen", and details the terms of the settlement. The document on the left is a testimonial or appeal for funds to help pay John Marchbank's legal fees of £5,517 [document reference: MSS.127/NU/GS/3/7A]. In 1933 the Railway Service Association as a State Industrial Union was renamed and registered in New South Wales as the National Union of Railwaymen, N.S.W. : Gower Press. [1], The NUR was an industrial union founded in 1913 by the merger of the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants (founded 1872), the United Pointsmen and Signalmen's Society (founded 1880) and the General Railway Workers' Union (founded 1889).[2]. The document on the left is the 'Victory Number' of the Glasgow and District Railwaymen's Strike Bulletin, produced by the Glasgow and District Railwaymen's Strike Committee (a joint committee containing members of both the NUR and ASLEF) [document reference: MSS.127/NU/IN16]. This dual role came to an end in 1931, when Thomas joined the Prime Minister James Ramsay Macdonald and Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Snowdon in the coalition National Government, which imposed stringent cuts on public services. Email: archives at warwick dot ac dot uk. The document above is a ballot paper issued to members of the three unions on the proposals for the "fusion of forces", and is included in the 1912 reports and proceedings of the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants [document reference: MSS.127/AS/1/1/45]. A typical example is shown on the left, taken from the 26 March 1915 edition [document reference: MSS.127/NU/4/1/3]. badge of similar design. That's it. We have created a browser extension. The General Strike was the largest industrial dispute in Britain’s history and lasted for a total of 9 days – between 3 May 1926 to 12 May 1926. These include satirical comment on railway working conditions and management, wartime social problems (including profiteering and food shortages), the introduction of women workers, the 1918 general election and plans for post-war reconstruction. was formed it was never possible for any railway union to speak with the authority which goes with representative numbers.". The National Union of Railwaymenwas a trade unionof railway workers in the United Kingdom. It hails the General Strike as "the biggest struggle in which the Working Classes have yet been engaged" and the NUR action as "100 PERCENT EFFICIENT" [document reference: MSS.127/NU/GS/3/102]. The evidence collected for the case, contained within the archives of the NUR, includes statements by former members of the BUF on the organisation's provocation of violence, purchase and use of weapons, and anti-semitism. Thomas in 1931, before a special general meeting of the union was held [document reference: MSS.127/NU/GS/3/3]. It was reported in October 1940 that the ARU-NUR conflict at the Launceston rail yards had reached the stage where some workers were refusing to complete work begun by members of the opposite union. £7.00. The Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales was the dominant partner in this amalgamation. The new union immediately attracted new members - with membership rocketing from 159,261 at the time of amalgamation to 267,611 by the end of 1913. The document on the left is part of a collecting sheet for the NUR memorial fund, including a copy of the last photograph taken of Campbell and Hollywood together [document reference: MSS.127/NU/GS/3/16]. The ward was officially opened on 12 June 1959. For example, train drivers would normally have joined the Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen (ASLEF) but a significant minority were members of the National Union of Railwaymen (formerly the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants). badge. The union collected £7,500 in their memory, which was used to fund the Campbell-Hollywood Memorial Ward in Ivy House, part of the Manor House Recovery Hospital in Golders Green. The National Union of Railwaymen, like the rest of the trade union movement, was strongly opposed to the Conservative policies. For the duration of the First World War and its immediate aftermath the railways were removed from the control of private companies and managed by the National Government. Click & Collect. These include information about the running of the railways during the dispute. Mosley won the case but was awarded only one farthing in damages (then the smallest coin in British currency - one quarter of one pence). The cartoon on the left is taken from the 2 January 1948 issue of the Railway Review, and celebrates "the biggest event in British railway history" [document reference: MSS.127/NU/4/1/36]. In 1919 the NUR and ASLEF jointly organised the 1919 United Kingdom railway strike, which prevented a proposed wage reduction and won an eight-hour maximum working day. Cartoons from First World War editions of the Railway Review have been digitised and are available online elsewhere on the Modern Records Centre website. 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